Based on the analyses of the mechanical features of rotary kiln with multi-supports, a general mechanical model for indeterminate kiln with variable bending rigidities, arbitrary supports and complex loads is established. From this model, the equations of the rotational angle and the deformation are deduced, the general matrix and procedure are developed. The correlation between the roller forces and axis deflections of no. 2 rotary kiln is derived. To improve kiln performance by kiln axis alignment, taking roller forces equilibrium and relative axis deflection minimum as the optimization goal, considering the fuzzy constraints of axis alignment, the fuzzy optimization model of kiln axis alignment is set up. The optimization model is solved with the max–min approach. The results show that fuzzy optimization alignment of rotary kiln can make kiln axis as straight as possible and can distribute kiln loads equally.
本文试图通过美国实用主义哲学家和行为语义学家查尔斯·莫里斯(charles Mortjs)在《符号学理论基础》(Foundations of the Theory of Signs)一书中提出的符号学理论，对《红楼梦》两个英译本——扬宪益夫妇的A Dream of Red Mansions和大卫·霍克斯的The Story of The Stone中相关的文化问题翻译处理手段作一个描述性的比较研究，从语言符号的指称意义、实用意义以及语言的内部意义的角度来探讨文化差异和翻译方法。