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NASALS AND NASALIZATION IN XIANGXIANG CHINESE

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成果类型:
期刊论文
作者:
Zeng, Ting*
通讯作者:
Zeng, Ting
作者机构:
[Zeng, Ting; Zeng, T] Cent S Univ, Sch Foreign Languages, Changsha, Peoples R China.
通讯机构:
[Zeng, Ting] Cent S Univ, Sch Foreign Languages, Changsha, Peoples R China.
语种:
英文
关键词:
Aerodynamic characteristic;Distinctive vowel nasalization;Historical development;Nasal vowels;Nasalized vowels;Nasals
期刊:
JOURNAL OF CHINESE LINGUISTICS
ISSN:
0091-3723
年:
2012
卷:
40
期:
2
页码:
397-419
文献类别:
WOS:Article
所属学科:
ESI学科类别:社会科学,概论;WOS学科类别:Asian Studies;Language & Linguistics;Linguistics
入藏号:
机构署名:
本校为第一且通讯机构
院系归属:
外国语学院
摘要:
Nasal vowels are widely attested in the sound inventories of the world's languages. It is usually assumed among phoneticians and universalists that the historical development of distinctive vowel nasalization consists of two ordered processes, i.e. vowel nasalization and nasal deletion, that is, the vowels become contextually nasalized before a nasal consonant at some stage in history; then the nasal ending is subsequently lost and vowel nasalization on the preceding vowel becomes distinctive and phonological. However, not much work has been done to reconsider or to provide phonetic evidence for or against this two-step account. For instance, the manner and motivation of the process of nasal deletion, which is generally assumed as a simple and one-step change, has not been studied in any detail. In this connection, we examine in the present study the aerodynamic characteristics of vowel nasalization in Xiangxiang Chinese, a representative of the Old Xiang Dialects of Chinese, which has a rich set of nasals, nasalized and nasal vowels (both monophthongs and diphthongs) and allows combinations of oral and nasal consonants and vowels, and discuss the implications of the current results as well as those from studies on vowel nasalization in other languages for the theories of sound change. In particular, our intention is to test the two-step account and to reconstruct the processes involved in the historical development of nasal vowels.
参考文献:
CHEN M, 1973, THESIS U CALIFORNIA
Clumeck H., 1976, J PHONETICS, V4, P337
Cohn A., 1990, UCLA WORKING PAPERS, V76
Delvaux V, 2008, J PHONETICS, V36, P578, DOI 10.1016/j.wocn.2008.02.002
Hajek John, 1997, UNIVERSALS SOUND CHA

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