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名词的格与移动研究

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成果类型:
期刊论文
论文标题(英文):
On Case and Nominal Movement
作者:
南潮;韩景泉
作者机构:
[南潮] 中南大学外国语学院
[韩景泉] 湖北师范学院外国语学院
语种:
中文
关键词:
格;题元角色;无解特征;配伍;名词移动
期刊:
外语与外语教学
期刊(英文):
FOREIGN LANGUAGES AND THEIR TEACHING
ISSN:
1004-6038
年:
2010
期:
06
页码:
7-11,30
基金类别:
湖北省教育厅人文社会科学研究项目“生成语法内语言生成机制解读”(项目编号:2010Y081); 国家社科基金项目“英语非宾格动词现象研究”(10BYY102)的阶段性成果;
机构署名:
本校为第一机构
院系归属:
外国语学院
摘要:
格,即抽象格,是所有语言中名词的形态特性之一。句法运算过程中,为满足PF的要求,格实现为结构格或固有格。管约论把格分派看成是名词移动的主要动因,是名词获取题元角色的前提。本文认为,基于此的可见性条件存在瑕疵,名词题元角色分派并不完全依赖格。简约论框架内,随着语言运算流程的精简,格分派失去了理论基础;简约论坚持无解特征驱动句法运算,认为格是名词在词库中就有的形态特征,无差别地反映探针与目标在形态特征上的匹配,触发配伍或移动操作,删除探针的无解特征,因而能够合理地解决上述问题。我们得出结论,从格分派到格核查和特征匹配的转变表明,结构格特征变得具有唯一性;固有格体现语义关系,不需核查或赋值。因此,格在句法运算中的作用不断被弱化,旨在更为合理地揭示名词在语言运算中扮演的普遍角色。
参考文献:
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