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Measuring the health-related Sustainable Development Goals in 188 countries: a baseline analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015

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作者:
Lim, Stephen S.;Allen, Kate;Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.;Dandona, Lalit;Forouzanfar, Mohammad H.;Fullman, Nancy;Gething, Peter W.;Goldberg, Ellen M.;Hay, Simon I.;Holmberg, Mollie;Kinfu, Yohannes;Kutz, Michael J.;Larson, Heidi J.;Liang, Xiaofeng;Lopez, Alan D.;Lozano, Rafael;McNellan, Claire R.;Mokdad, Ali H.;Mooney, Meghan D.;Naghavi, Mohsen;Olsen, Helen E.;Pigott, David M.;Salomon, Joshua A.;Vos, Theo;Wang, Haidong;Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu;Abate, Kalkidan Hassen;Abbafati, Cristiana;Abbas, Kaja M.;Abd-Allah, Foad;Abdulle, Abdishakur M.;Abraham, Biju;Abubakar, Ibrahim;Abu-Raddad, Laith J.;Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M. E.;Abyu, Gebre Yitayih;Achoki, Tom;Adebiyi, Akindele Olupelumi;Adedeji, Isaac Akinkunmi;Afanvi, Kossivi Agbelenko;Afshin, Ashkan;Agarwal, Arnav;Agrawal, Anurag;Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad;Ahmadieh, Hamid;Ahmed, Kedir Yimam;Akanda, Ali Shafqat;Akinyemi, Rufus Olusola;Akinyemiju, Tomi F.;Akseer, Nadia;Al-Aly, Ziyad;Alam, Khurshid;Alam, Uzma;Alasfoor, Deena;AlBuhairan, Fadia S.;Aldhahri, Saleh Fahed;Aldridge, Robert William;Alemu, Zewdie Aderaw;Ali, Raghib;Alkerwi, Ala'a;Alkhateeb, Mohammad A. B.;Alla, Francois;Allebeck, Peter;Allen, Christine;Al-Raddadi, Rajaa;Alsharif, Ubai;Altirkawi, Khalid A.;Martin, Elena Alvarez;Alvis-Guzman, Nelson;Amare, Azmeraw T.;Amberbir, Alemayehu;Amegah, Adeladza Kofi;Amini, Heresh;Ammar, Walid;Amrock, Stephen Marc;Andersen, Hjalte H.;Anderson, Benjamin O.;Anderson, Gregory M.;Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.;Anwari, Palwasha;Arnlov, Johan;Artaman, Al;Asayesh, Hamid;Asghar, Rana Jawad;Atique, Suleman;Avokpaho, Euripide Frinel G. Arthur;Awasthi, Ashish;Quintanilla, Beatriz Paulina Ayala;Azzopardi, Peter;Bacha, Umar;Badawi, Alaa;Balakrishnan, Kalpana;Banerjee, Amitava;Barac, Aleksandra;Barber, Ryan;Barker-Collo, Suzanne L.;Barnighausen, Till;Barrero, Lope H.;Barrientos-Gutierrez, Tonatiuh;Basu, Sanjay;Bayou, Tigist Assefa;Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad;Beardsley, Justin;Bedi, Neeraj;Beghi, Ettore;Bejot, Yannick;Bell, Michelle L.;Bello, Aminu K.;Bennett, Derrick A.;Bensenor, Isabela M.;Benzian, Habib;Berhane, Adugnaw;Bernabe, Eduardo;Bernal, Oscar Alberto;Betsu, Balem Demtsu;Beyene, Addisu Shunu;Bhala, Neeraj;Bhatt, Samir;Biadgilign, Sibhatu;Bienhoff, Kelly A.;Bikbov, Boris;Binagwaho, Agnes;Bisanzio, Donal;Bjertness, Espen;Blore, Jed;Bourne, Rupert R. A.;Brainin, Michael;Brauer, Michael;Brazinova, Alexandra;Breitborde, Nicholas J. K.;Broday, David M.;Brugha, Traolach S.;Buchbinder, Rachelle;Butt, Zahid A.;Cahill, Leah E.;Campos-Nonato, Ismael Ricardo;Campuzano, Julio Cesar;Carabin, Helene;Cardenas, Rosario;Carrero, Juan Jesus;Carter, Austin;Casey, Daniel;Caso, Valeria;Castaneda-Orjuela, Carlos A.;Castillo Rivas, Jacqueline;Catala-Lopez, Ferran;Cavalleri, Fiorella;Cecilio, Pedro;Chang, Hsing-Yi;Chang, Jung-Chen;Charlson, Fiona J.;Che, Xuan;Chen, Alan Zian;Chiang, Peggy Pei-Chia;Chibalabala, Mirriam;Chisumpa, Vesper Hichilombwe;Choi, Jee-Young Jasmine;Chowdhury, Rajiv;Christensen, Hanne;Ciobanu, Liliana G.;Cirillo, Massimo;Coates, Matthew M.;Coggeshall, Megan;Cohen, Aaron J.;Cooke, Graham S.;Cooper, Cyrus;Cooper, Leslie Trumbull;Cowie, Benjamin C.;Crump, John A.;Damtew, Solomon Abrha;Dandona, Rakhi;Dargan, Paul I.;das Neves, Jose;Davis, Adrian C.;Davletov, Kairat;de Castro, E. Filipa;De Leo, Diego;Degenhardt, Louisa;Del Gobbo, Liana C.;Deribe, Kebede;Derrett, Sarah;Jarlais, Don C. Des;Deshpande, Aniruddha;Deveber, Gabrielle A.;Dey, Subhojit;Dharmaratne, Samath D.;Dhillon, Preet K.;Ding, Eric L.;Dorsey, E. Ray;Doyle, Kerrie E.;Driscoll, Tim R.;Duan, Leilei;Dubey, Manisha;Duncan, Bruce Bartholow;Ebrahimi, Hedyeh;Endries, Aman Yesuf;Ermakov, Sergey Petrovich;Erskine, Holly E.;Eshrati, Babak;Esteghamati, Alireza;Fahimi, Saman;Farid, Talha A.;Sofia e Sa Farinha, Carla;Faro, Andre;Farvid, Maryam S.;Farzadfar, Farshad;Feigin, Valery L.;Mendonca Felicio, Manuela;Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad;Fernandes, Jefferson G.;Fernandes, Joao C.;Ferrari, Alize J.;Fischer, Florian;Fitchett, Joseph R. A.;Fitzmaurice, Christina;Foigt, Nataliya;Foreman, Kyle;Fowkes, F. Gerry R.;Franca, Elisabeth Barboza;Franklin, Richard C.;Fraser, Maya;Friedman, Joseph;Frostad, Joseph;Furst, Thomas;Gabbe, Belinda;Garcia-Basteiro, Alberto L.;Gebre, Teshome;Gebrehiwot, Tsegaye Tewelde;Gebremedhin, Amanuel Tesfay;Gebru, Alemseged Aregay;Gessner, Bradford D.;Gillum, Richard F.;Ginawi, Ibrahim Abdelmageem Mohamed;Giref, Ababi Zergaw;Giroud, Maurice;Gishu, Melkamu Dedefo;Giussani, Giorgia;Godwin, William;Gona, Philimon;Goodridge, Amador;Gopalani, Sameer Vali;Gotay, Carolyn C.;Goto, Atsushi;Gouda, Hebe N.;Graetz, Nicholas;Greenwell, Karen Fern;Griswold, Max;Gugnani, Harish;Guo, Yuming;Gupta, Rahul;Gupta, Rajeev;Gupta, Vipin;Gutierrez, Reyna A.;Gyawali, Bishal;Haagsma, Juanita A.;Haakenstad, Annie;Hafezi-Nejad, Nima;Haile, Demewoz;Hailu, Gessessew Bugssa;Halasa, Yara A.;Hamadeh, Randah Ribhi;Hamidi, Samer;Hammami, Mouhanad;Hankey, Graeme J.;Harb, Hilda L.;Haro, Josep Maria;Hassanvand, Mohammad Sadegh;Havmoeller, Rasmus;Heredia-Pi, Ileana Beatriz;Hoek, Hans W.;Horino, Masako;Horita, Nobuyuki;Hosgood, H. Dean;Hoy, Damian G.;Htet, Aung Soe;Hu, Guoqing;Huang, Hsiang;Iburg, Kim Moesgaard;Idrisov, Bulat T.;Inoue, Manami;Islami, Farhad;Jacobs, Troy A.;Jacobsen, Kathryn H.;Jahanmehr, Nader;Jakovljevic, Mihajlo B.;James, Peter;Jansen, Henrica A. F. M.;Javanbakht, Mehdi;Jayaraman, Sudha P.;Jayatilleke, Achala Upendra;Jee, Sun Ha;Jeemon, Panniyammakal;Jha, Vivekanand;Jiang, Ying;Jibat, Tariku;Jin, Ye;Jonas, Jost B.;Kabir, Zubair;Kalkonde, Yogeshwar;Kamal, Ritul;Kan, Haidong;Kandel, Amit;Karch, Andre;Karema, Corine Kakizi;Karimkhani, Chante;Karunapema, Palitha;Kasaeian, Amir;Kassebaum, Nicholas J.;Kaul, Anil;Kawakami, Norito;Kayibanda, Jeanne Francoise;Keiyoro, Peter Njenga;Kemmer, Laura;Kemp, Andrew Haddon;Kengne, Andre Pascal;Keren, Andre;Kesavachandran, Chandrasekharan Nair;Khader, Yousef Saleh;Khan, Abdur Rahman;Khan, Ejaz Ahmad;Khan, Gulfaraz;Khang, Young-Ho;Khoja, Tawfi K. Ahmed Muthafer;Khosravi, Ardeshir;Khubchandani, Jagdish;Kieling, Christian;Kim, Cho-Il;Kim, Daniel;Kim, Sungroul;Kim, Yun Jin;Kimokoti, Ruth W.;Kissoon, Niranjan;Kivipelto, Miia;Knibbs, Luke D.;Kokubo, Yoshihiro;Kolte, Dhaval;Kosen, Soewarta;Kotsakis, Georgios A.;Koul, Parvaiz A.;Koyanagi, Ai;Kravchenko, Michael;Krueger, Hans;Defo, Barthelemy Kuate;Kuchenbecker, Ricardo S.;Kuipers, Ernst J.;Kulikoff, Xie Rachel;Kulkarni, Veena S.;Kumar, G. Anil;Kwan, Gene F.;Kyu, Hmwe H.;Lal, Aparna;Lal, Dharmesh Kumar;Lalloo, Ratilal;Lam, Hilton;Lan, Qing;Langan, Sinead M.;Larsson, Anders;Laryea, Dennis Odai;Latif, Asma Abdul;Leasher, Janet L.;Leigh, James;Leinsalu, Mall;Leung, Janni;Leung, Ricky;Levi, Miriam;Li, Yichong;Li, Yongmei;Lind, Margaret;Linn, Shai;Lipshultz, Steven E.;Liu, Patrick Y.;Liu, Shiwei;Liu, Yang;Lloyd, Belinda K.;Lo, Loon-Tzian;Logroscino, Giancarlo;Lotufo, Paulo A.;Lucas, Robyn M.;Lunevicius, Raimundas;Abd El Razek, Mohammed Magdy;Magis-Rodriguez, Carlos;Mahdavi, Mahdi;Majdan, Marek;Majeed, Azeem;Malekzadeh, Reza;Malta, Deborah Carvalho;Mapoma, Chabila C.;Margolis, David Joel;Martin, Randall V.;Martinez-Raga, Jose;Masiye, Felix;Mason-Jones, Amanda J.;Massano, Joao;Matzopoulos, Richard;Mayosi, Bongani M.;McGrath, John J.;Mckee, Martin;Meaney, Peter A.;Mehari, Alem;Mekonnen, Alemayehu B.;Melaku, Yohannes Adama;Memiah, Peter;Memish, Ziad A.;Mendoza, Walter;Mensink, Gert B. M.;Meretoja, Atte;Meretoja, Tuomo J.;Mesfin, Yonatan Moges;Mhimbira, Francis Apolinary;Micha, Renata;Miller, Ted R.;Mills, Edward J.;Mirarefi, Mojde;Misganaw, Awoke;Mitchell, Philip B.;Mock, Charles N.;Mohammadi, Alireza;Mohammed, Shafi U.;Monasta, Lorenzo;De la Cruz Monis, Jonathan;Montanez Hernandez, Julio Cesar;Montico, Marcella;Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar;Morawska, Lidia;Mori, Rintaro;Mueller, Ulrich O.;Murdoch, Michele E.;Murimira, Brighton;Murray, Joseph;Murthy, Gudlavalleti Venkata Satyanarayana;Murthy, Srinivas;Musa, Kamarul Imran;Nachega, Jean B.;Nagel, Gabriele;Naidoo, Kovin S.;Naldi, Luigi;Nangia, Vinay;Neal, Bruce;Nejjari, Chakib;Newton, Charles R.;Newton, John N.;Ngalesoni, Frida Namnyak;Nguhiu, Peter;Nguyen, Grant;Quyen Le Nguyen;Nisar, Muhammad Imran;Pete, Patrick Martial Nkamedjie;Nolte, Sandra;Nomura, Marika;Norheim, Ole F.;Norrving, Bo;Obermeyer, Carla Makhlouf;Ogbo, Felix Akpojene;Oh, In-Hwan;Oladimeji, Olanrewaju;Olivares, Pedro R.;Olusanya, Bolajoko Olubukunola;Olusanya, Jacob Olusegun;Opio, John Nelson;Oren, Eyal;Ortiz, Alberto;Osborne, Richard H.;Ota, Erika;Owolabi, Mayowa O.;Mahesh, P. A.;Park, Eun-Kee;Park, Hye-Youn;Parry, Charles D.;Parsaeian, Mahboubeh;Patel, Tejas;Patel, Vikram;Caicedo, Angel J. Paternina;Patil, Snehal T.;Patten, Scott B.;Patton, George C.;Paudel, Deepak;Pedro, Joao Mario;Pereira, David M.;Perico, Norberto;Pesudovs, Konrad;Petzold, Max;Phillips, Michael Robert;Piel, Frederic B.;Pillay, Julian David;Pinho, Christine;Pishgar, Farhad;Polinder, Suzanne;Poulton, Richie G.;Pourmalek, Farshad;Qorbani, Mostafa;Rabiee, Rynaz H. S.;Radfar, Amir;Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa;Rahman, Mahfuzar;Rahman, Mohammad Hifz Ur;Rahman, Sajjad Ur;Rai, Rajesh Kumar;Rajsic, Sasa;Raju, Murugesan;Ram, Usha;Rana, Saleem M.;Ranabhat, Chhabi Lal;Ranganathan, Kavitha;Rao, Puja C.;Refaat, Amany H.;Reitsma, Marissa B.;Remuzzi, Giuseppe;Resnikoff, Serge;Ribeiro, Antonio L.;Rios Blancas, Maria Jesus;Roba, Hirbo Shore;Roberts, Bayard;Rodriguez, Alina;Rojas-Rueda, David;Ronfani, Luca;Roshandel, Gholamreza;Roth, Gregory A.;Rothenbacher, Dietrich;Roy, Ambuj;Roy, Nobhojit;Sackey, Ben Benasco;Sagar, Rajesh;Saleh, Muhammad Muhammad;Sanabria, Juan R.;Santos, Joao Vasco;Santomauro, Damian F.;Santos, Itamar S.;Sarmiento-Suarez, Rodrigo;Sartorius, Benn;Satpathy, Maheswar;Savic, Miloje;Sawhney, Monika;Sawyer, Susan M.;Schmidhuber, Josef;Schmidt, Maria Ines;Schneider, Ione J. C.;Schutte, Aletta E.;Schwebel, David C.;Seedat, Soraya;Sepanlou, Sadaf G.;Servan-Mori, Edson E.;Shackelford, Katya;Shaheen, Amira;Shaikh, Masood Ali;Levy, Teresa Shamah;Sharma, Rajesh;She, Jun;Sheikhbahaei, Sara;Shen, Jiabin;Sheth, Kevin N.;Shey, Muki;Shi, Peilin;Shibuya, Kenji;Shigematsu, Mika;Shin, Min-Jeong;Shiri, Rahman;Shishani, Kawkab;Shiue, Ivy;Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora;Silpakit, Naris;Santos Silva, Diego Augusto;Silverberg, Jonathan I.;Simard, Edgar P.;Sindi, Shireen;Singh, Abhishek;Singh, Gitanjali M.;Singh, Jasvinder A.;Singh, Om Prakash;Singh, Prashant Kumar;Skirbekk, Vegard;Sligar, Amber;Soneji, Samir;Soreide, Kjetil;Sorensen, Reed J. D.;Soriano, Joan B.;Soshnikov, Sergey;Sposato, Luciano A.;Sreeramareddy, Chandrashekhar T.;Stahl, Hans-Christian;Stanaway, Jeff rey D.;Stathopoulou, Vasiliki;Steckling, Nadine;Steel, Nicholas;Stein, Dan J.;Steiner, Caitlyn;Stockl, Heidi;Stranges, Saverio;Strong, Mark;Sun, Jiandong;Sunguya, Bruno F.;Sur, Patrick;Swaminathan, Soumya;Sykes, Bryan L.;Szoeke, Cassandra E. I.;Tabares-Seisdedos, Rafael;Tabb, Karen M.;Talongwa, Roberto Tchio;Tarawneh, Mohammed Rasoul;Tavakkoli, Mohammad;Taye, Bineyam;Taylor, Hugh R.;Tedla, Bemnet Amare;Tefera, Worku;Tegegne, Teketo Kassaw;Tekle, Dejen Yemane;Shifa, Girma Temam;Terkawi, Abdullah Sulieman;Tessema, Gizachew Assefa;Thakur, J. S.;Thomson, Alan J.;Thorne-Lyman, Andrew L.;Thrift, Amanda G.;Thurston, George D.;Tillmann, Taavi;Tobe-Gai, Ruoyan;Tonelli, Marcello;Topor-Madry, Roman;Topouzis, Fotis;Tran, Bach Xuan;Truelsen, Thomas;Dimbuene, Zacharie Tsala;Tura, Abera Kenay;Tuzcu, Emin Murat;Tyrovolas, Stefanos;Ukwaja, Kingsley Nnanna;Undurraga, Eduardo A.;Uneke, Chigozie Jesse;Uthman, Olalekan A.;van Donkelaar, Aaron;Varakin, Yuri Y.;Vasankari, Tommi;Nogales Vasconcelos, Ana Maria;Veerman, J. Lennert;Venketasubramanian, Narayanaswamy;Verma, Raj Kumar;Violante, Francesco S.;Vlassov, Vasiliy Victorovich;Volkow, Patricia;Vollset, Stein Emil;Wagner, Gregory R.;Wallin, Mitchell T.;Wang, Linhong;Wanga, Valentine;Watkins, David A.;Weichenthal, Scott;Weiderpass, Elisabete;Weintraub, Robert G.;Weiss, Daniel J.;Werdecker, Andrea;Westerman, Ronny;Whiteford, Harvey A.;Wilkinson, James D.;Wiysonge, Charles Shey;Wolfe, Charles D. A.;Wolfe, Ingrid;Won, Sungho;Woolf, Anthony D.;Workie, Shimelash Bitew;Wubshet, Mamo;Xu, Gelin;Yadav, Ajit Kumar;Yakob, Bereket;Yalew, Ayalnesh Zemene;Yan, Lijing L.;Yano, Yuichiro;Yaseri, Mehdi;Ye, Pengpeng;Yip, Paul;Yonemoto, Naohiro;Yoon, Seok-Jun;Younis, Mustafa Z.;Yu, Chuanhua;Zaidi, Zoubida;Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed;Zambrana-Torrelio, Carlos;Zapata, Tomas;Zegeye, Elias Asfaw;Zhao, Yi;Zhou, Maigeng;Zodpey, Sanjay;Zonies, David;Murray, Christopher J. L.*
通讯作者:
Murray, Christopher J. L.
作者机构:
[Naghavi, Mohsen; Lind, Margaret; Mirarefi, Mojde; Olsen, Helen E.; Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar; Anderson, Gregory M.; Holmberg, Mollie; Fraser, Maya; Allen, Christine; Afshin, Ashkan; Kyu, Hmwe H.; Bienhoff, Kelly A.; Dandona, Lalit; Larson, Heidi J.; Whiteford, Harvey A.; Ferrari, Alize J.; Vos, Theo; Vollset, Stein Emil; Brauer, Michael; Mokdad, Ali H.; Zhou, Maigeng; Pigott, David M.; Leung, Janni; Deshpande, Aniruddha; Foreman, Kyle; Achoki, Tom; Haagsma, Juanita A.; Fullman, Nancy; Coggeshall, Megan; Erskine, Holly E.; Hay, Simon I.; Godwin, William; Coates, Matthew M.; Roth, Gregory A.; Chen, Alan Zian; Cohen, Aaron J.; Griswold, Max; Santomauro, Damian F.; Casey, Daniel; Allen, Kate; Nguyen, Grant; Shackelford, Katya; Rao, Puja C.; Sorensen, Reed J. D.; Charlson, Fiona J.; Liu, Patrick Y.; Lopez, Alan D.; Graetz, Nicholas; Lim, Stephen S.; Fitzmaurice, Christina; Masiye, Felix; Blore, Jed; Murray, Christopher J. L.; Steiner, Caitlyn; Carter, Austin; Reitsma, Marissa B.; Frostad, Joseph; Kulikoff, Xie Rachel; Mooney, Meghan D.; Silpakit, Naris; Pinho, Christine; Misganaw, Awoke; Wanga, Valentine; Stanaway, Jeff rey D.; Barber, Ryan; McNellan, Claire R.; Haakenstad, Annie; Goldberg, Ellen M.; Zhao, Yi; Forouzanfar, Mohammad H.; Sligar, Amber; Kassebaum, Nicholas J.; Wang, Haidong; Friedman, Joseph; Kemmer, Laura; Kutz, Michael J.] Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, 2301 5th Ave,Suite 600, Seattle, WA 98121 USA.
[Kotsakis, Georgios A.] Univ Washington, Sch Dent, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.
[Mock, Charles N.] Univ Washington, Harborview Injury Prevent & Res Ctr, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.
[Anderson, Benjamin O.; Mock, Charles N.; Watkins, David A.] Univ Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.
[Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.] Aga Khan Univ, Ctr Excellence Women & Child Hlth, Karachi, Pakistan.
通讯机构:
[Murray, Christopher J. L.] Univ Washington, Inst Hlth Metr & Evaluat, 2301 5th Ave,Suite 600, Seattle, WA 98121 USA.
语种:
英文
期刊:
LANCET
ISSN:
0140-6736
年:
2016
卷:
388
期:
10053
页码:
1813-1850
文献类别:
WOS:Article
所属学科:
ESI学科类别:临床医学;WOS学科类别:Medicine, General & Internal
入藏号:
基金类别:
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
机构署名:
本校为其他机构
院系归属:
湘雅公共卫生学院
摘要:
Background In September, 2015, the UN General Assembly established the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The SDGs specify 17 universal goals, 169 targets, and 230 indicators leading up to 2030. We provide an analysis of 33 health-related SDG indicators based on the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015). Methods We applied statistical methods to systematically compiled data to estimate the performance of 33 health-related SDG indicators for 188 countries from 1990 to 2015. We rescaled each indicator on a scale from 0 (worst observed value between 1990 and 2015) to 100 (best observed). Indices representing all 33 health-related SDG indicators (health-related SDG index), health-related SDG indicators included in the Millennium Development Goals (MDG index), and health-related indicators not included in the MDGs (non-MDG index) were computed as the geometric mean of the rescaled indicators by SDG target. We used spline regressions to examine the relations between the Socio-demographic Index (SDI, a summary measure based on average income per person, educational attainment, and total fertility rate) and each of the health-related SDG indicators and indices. Findings In 2015, the median health-related SDG index was 59·3 (95% uncertainty interval 56·8–61·8) and varied widely by country, ranging from 85·5 (84·2–86·5) in Iceland to 20·4 (15·4–24·9) in Central African Republic. SDI was a good predictor of the health-related SDG index (r2=0·88) and the MDG index (r2=0·92), whereas the non-MDG index had a weaker relation with SDI (r2=0·79). Between 2000 and 2015, the health-related SDG index improved by a median of 7·9 (IQR 5·0–10·4), and gains on the MDG index (a median change of 10·0 [6·7–13·1]) exceeded that of the non-MDG index (a median change of 5·5 [2·1–8·9]). Since 2000, pronounced progress occurred for indicators such as met need with modern contraception, under-5 mortality, and neonatal mortality, as well as the indicator for universal health coverage tracer interventions. Moderate improvements were found for indicators such as HIV and tuberculosis incidence, minimal changes for hepatitis B incidence took place, and childhood overweight considerably worsened. Interpretation GBD provides an independent, comparable avenue for monitoring progress towards the health-related SDGs. Our analysis not only highlights the importance of income, education, and fertility as drivers of health improvement but also emphasises that investments in these areas alone will not be sufficient. Although considerable progress on the health-related MDG indicators has been made, these gains will need to be sustained and, in many cases, accelerated to achieve the ambitious SDG targets. The minimal improvement in or worsening of health-related indicators beyond the MDGs highlight the need for additional resources to effectively address the expanded scope of the health-related SDGs. Funding Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. © 2016 The Authors(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an Open Access article under the CC BY license
参考文献:
Asante AD, 2014, BMJ OPEN, V4, DOI 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006806
Bhatt S, 2015, NATURE, V526, P207, DOI 10.1038/nature15535
Bhatt S, 2015, ELIFE, V4, DOI 10.7554/eLife.09672
Bhutta ZA, 2010, LANCET, V375, P2032, DOI 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60678-2
Farmer P, 2010, LANCET, V376, P1186, DOI 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)61152-X

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